Decoding reporting frameworks: A comprehensive guide

7 minutes read
by Ankur Dhoot on 07 November, 2023

In the age of data-driven decision-making, the role of reporting tools is more crucial than ever. These tools not only transform raw data into actionable insights but also serve as the cornerstone for strategic planning and informed decision-making.

This blog will help you understand the leading tools in the market, offer a comparative assessment, discuss their pros and cons, and provide our perspective. Additionally, we introduce an all-encompassing architecture to help you create a framework or blueprint for your reporting needs. Whether you're deciding to buy or build, this blog will guide you through the decision-making process.

Why reporting tools are essential in business

Reporting tools are the linchpin that converts raw data into meaningful visualizations. They serve various industries and business functions, enabling better understanding and informed decision-making.

Let's explore the different types of reporting tools used across various sectors.

BI tools, financial reporting tools and marketing analytics reporting

Key Considerations for Designing a Reporting Framework

Choosing the right framework or a combination of frameworks is not a one-size-fits-all approach. It depends on various factors such as the information to be communicated and the key stakeholders involved. Here are some points to ponder:

  • Identify stakeholder needs: The best way to understand what your stakeholders need is to ask them. This could range from suppliers and customers to employees and investors.
  • Data collection: Once you understand what matters to your stakeholders, you can report what they need to know. But first, be clear about what data is required, and establish a mechanism to collect and analyze it. Doing so is not always easy, especially when the data is dispersed throughout the company, or not all of it is owned by the company.

  • Data presentation: Companies can only be confident in their reporting when it is subject to board oversight and has the right governance systems in place.

  • Strategic alignment: Your reporting data should align with the company’s focus or goals and should help in achieving future objectives.

  • Industry trends: In today's world, organizations must also consider global challenges like climate change and unprecedented events like COVID-19.

Spotlight on Popular Reporting Tools

Let's take a closer look at some of the most popular reporting tools and their unique features.

1. Jasper Reports


JasperReports is an open-source Java-based reporting tool that facilitates content creation for various outputs like PDF, XLS, RTF, and more. Designed to enhance Java applications, it's pivotal in business intelligence and data analytics for generating dynamic content such as financial summaries, demographic reports, and inventory overviews. Its robust layout engine supports intricate report designs with elements like tables, charts, and images. With a diverse range of visualization options, from bar charts to maps, and advanced features like data grouping and filtering, JasperReports can pull data from multiple sources, including databases via JDBC, XML files, and JavaBeans, ensuring versatile and comprehensive report generation.

JasperReports data visualization: an open-source Java-based reporting tool
Key features:
  • Multiple export formats
  • Graphical/textual data representation
  • Watermarks
  • Data from multiple sources
  • Extensive control over layout
  • Variety of visualization options
  • Real-time dynamic reports
Use cases:
  • Financial reports
  • Customer demographics
  • Inventory reports

2. BIRT (Business Intelligence and Reporting Tools)

BIRT, an open-source initiative by the Eclipse Foundation, offers a comprehensive framework for designing, generating, and delivering reports in Java-based applications. Predominantly used in business intelligence, data analytics, and enterprise sectors, BIRT ensures flexible and tailored reporting. It simplifies business reporting with its robust features, including data visualization, scripting, and diverse data source compatibility. Central to BIRT are its two primary components: the Report Designer, which facilitates swift creation of visual charts and in-depth analytical reports, and the Report Server, both enhancing clarity and insight into data representation.

Business intelligence and reporting tools (BIRT) - report designer and report engine
Key features:
  • Drag and drop interface for creating layouts
  • Support for various data sources like database, xml, web services and others
  • Rich data visualization features
  • Scripting support for calculations, business logic and data manipulation
  • Multi-language support
  • Data filtering and grouping
Use Cases:

3. Tableau


Tableau is a renowned data visualization and business intelligence tool that enables organizations to analyze, visualize, and share data seamlessly. Its strength lies in its user-friendly interface, making data organization, visualization, and comprehension straightforward. Users can craft graphs, maps, dashboards, and stories to support decision-making. Known for its simplicity, speed, and interactivity, Tableau has garnered significant popularity in both the public and enterprise sectors. A standout feature is its intuitive drag-and-drop functionality, allowing even non-technical users to master the tool and create dashboards without extensive coding knowledge.

Tableau business intelligence tool architecture
Key Features:
  • Extensive connectivity options
  • Multiple data source blending
  • Interactive visualizations
  • Device-specific dashboard
  • Large data handling
  • Easy to learn
  • Multiple collaboration options
  • Integrated security
  • Time series and forecasting capabilities
Use Cases:
  • Data visualization
  • Business decision-making
  • Data analysis

4. Pentaho


Pentaho is an open-source reporting project that offers a comprehensive set of BI features, including ETL, reporting, analytics, visualization, and data mining.  The suite consists of Report Designer, Reporting Engine and Reporting SDK.  Pentaho provides multiple, integrated options for report design, including the Pentaho Report Design Wizard, which walks a user through a series of steps to create a report. Pentaho’s JFreeReport project offers both scheduled and on-demand report publishing in popular formats such as XLS, PDF, TXT, and HTML. It offers a wide range of analysis a wide range of features that includes a pivot table view. The tool provides enhanced GUI features (using Flash or SVG), integrated dashboard widgets, portal, and workflow integration.

Key Features:
  • Business intelligence solutions
  • ETL capabilities
  • Important components including Report Designer, Design Studio, Aggregation Designer, Metadata Editor, and Pentaho Data Integration.
  • Multiple data source support including databases, spreadsheets, XML files, web services, and more
  • Various report formats
  • Interactive features
  • Advanced analytics capabilities
  • Cross-platform compatibility including Windows, Linux, and Mac operating systems
Use Cases:
  • Business performance improvement
  • Business efficiency

5. Power BI


Power BI, developed by Microsoft, is a technology-driven business intelligence platform that transforms raw data into actionable insights using a suite of software services, apps, and connectors. It emphasizes data visualization, business analytics, and best practices, enabling businesses to make informed decisions through interactive dashboards and reports. As a component of Microsoft's Power Platform, Power BI offers a user-friendly interface for organizations to manage and analyze vast data volumes. It automatically processes data, presenting insights in visual formats like charts and graphs, tailored to the data type. This versatility makes it indispensable across various departments, from marketing to finance. Users can seamlessly embed dashboards and reports into applications for a cohesive experience, ensure up-to-date data through automatic refreshes, and leverage its cloud capabilities for efficient data retrieval and analysis, making Power BI a leading choice in data analytics platforms globally.

Key Features:
  • Varied dashboard and report options
  • Wide variety of data source connections
  • Data transformation
  • Real-time insights
  • Cost-effective
  • Scalable
Use Cases:
  • Data-driven decision-making

6. Business analytics Google Analytics


Google Analytics, a robust web analytics tool by Google, offers insights into website traffic sources, including organic search, paid search, social media, and more, highlighting the most effective channels for traffic and conversions. Especially valuable for e-commerce sites, it provides in-depth data on sales, revenue, and product performance. This tool empowers website owners and marketers to comprehend user behavior, monitor site performance, and make informed decisions. It offers real-time analytics on user interactions, aiding in optimizing marketing strategies and boosting ROI. Instead of relying on guesswork, users benefit from its data-driven approach and machine learning models to strategize successful ad campaigns. Google Analytics aggregates data from various ad platforms, presenting it cohesively. Embedded via JavaScript, it captures comprehensive user activity data, offering metrics like bounce rates, page views, session durations, and more. Its customizable features, supported by a broad third-party ecosystem, cater to diverse company needs, presenting tailored reports, dashboards, and alerts. Key report categories include Advertising, Audience, Behaviour, Real-Time, and Conversion Reports.

  • Audience insights
  • Real-time data
  • User behavior tracking
  • Traffic source tracking
  • E-commerce insights
  • Robust integration solutions
  • Use Cases
  • Website performance tracking
  • Marketing analytics Introducing Infovision’s Reporting Framework
Use case:
  • Web analytics
  • E-commerce sites

InfoVision reporting framework

Infovision offers a plug-and-play reporting framework that seamlessly integrates with existing systems and supports multiple data sources. Built on a microservices architecture, it ensures high performance and scalability. The framework operates on both client and server sides, accelerating report generation and customization for optimal performance. Its API-centric design allows compatibility with any application, regardless of its foundational language. Designed with versatility in mind, the application is highly customizable to meet diverse needs.

Key features are outlined below.

InfoVision reporting framework - Key features
Salient Features:
  • Operates on both client and server sides
  • Amplifies the report generation and customization process
  • Achieves a faster rate to enhance overall performance
  • API-based design
  • Can be consumed by any application
  • Compatible irrespective of the application's underlying language


Reporting tools are indispensable in today's business landscape. They not only assist in data visualization but also aid in making strategic decisions. Whether you are a small business or a large enterprise, choosing the right reporting framework is crucial. Infovision’s reporting framework offers a robust, scalable, and customizable solution that can cater to all your reporting needs.


Ankur Dhoot
Ankur Dhoot
Solution Architect